Basketball is a team sport in which two teams of 5 players try to
score points against one another by placing a ball through a 10 foot
(3.048 m) high hoop (the goal) under organized rules. Basketball is
one of the most popular and widely viewed sports in the world.
Points are scored by
throwing (shooting) the ball through the basket from above. The team
with more points at the end of the game wins, but additional time
(overtime) may be issued when the scores of both teams are the same.
The ball can be advanced on the court by bouncing it (dribbling) or
passing it between teammates. Disruptive physical contact (foul) is
penalized and free throws will be issued if the player is fouled while
shooting the ball and there are restrictions on how the ball can be
basketball has developed to involve many common techniques of
shooting, passing and dribbling, as well as players' positions, and
offensive and defensive structures. Typically, the tallest members of
a team will play center or one of two forward positions, while shorter
players or those who possess the best ball handling skills and speed,
play the guard positions. While competitive basketball is carefully
regulated, numerous variations of basketball have developed for casual
play. In some countries, basketball is also a popular spectator sport.
basketball is primarily an indoor sport, played on a basketball court,
less regulated variations played in the outdoors have become
increasingly popular among both inner city and rural groups.